Durbar Squares of Nepal

Nishum Subba

Durbar Square is one of the major places you don’t want to miss. UNESCO has declared the Durbar Squares in Nepal in World Heritage Site. Durbar Squares was built on the period of king’s ruling. The Durbar Square shows style of the ancient kingdom.

  1. Kathmandu Durbar Square: Kathmandu Durbar Square lies in the heart of the Kathmandu city. The locals know this area by its old name Hanuman Dhoka- an old seat of the Nepalese Royalty. The historical buildings and temples in the area were erected from the times of king Ratna Malla (1484-1520) to Prithivi Bir Bikram Shah(1875-1911AD) covering the period of Malla, Shah and Rana Period of Nepalese history. The entire palace complex here is named after a monkey god called Hanuman.  Durbar Square was surrounded with spectacular architecture and vividly showcases the skills of the Newar artists and craftsmen over several centuries. The stunning architecture involved in the construction of temples and palaces in Kathmandu Durbar Square makes the place one of the most frequented tourist destinations.
  2. Bhaktapur Durbar Square: Popular for its religious, culture and historical heritage, Bhaktapur is also known as Bhadgaun. Bhaktapur Durbar Square  presents a combination of pagoda and shikhara style of temples. The place is an architect’s delight as it is a fine specimen of sculptures and woodcarvings. People can generally notice a marked uniqueness in the festivals, cultural events and Newari traditions observed by the people of Bhaktapur. The popular 55 windows palace and the tallest temple in whole Nepal, Nyatapola is located here. Nyatapola was  built in 1702 A.D. under the rule of King Bhupatindra Malla. This five-storey temple with a five-tier roof that stands just over thirty meters high can be reached by walking up a flight of steps that leads to the top of the platform. 55 window palace was built during the reign of the Malla King Yaksha Malla in 1427 AD and was remodeled by King Bhupatindra Malla in the 17th century. Among the brick walls, with their gracious setting and sculptural design, is a balcony of fifty-five windows, considered to be a unique masterpiece of woodcarving.It is also known as one of the oldest monument present in Nepal.
  3. Patan Durbar Square: Patan, also known as Lalitpur located in the south of Bagmati is where  Patan Durbar Square is Located. This city lies 5 km southeast of Kathmandu. Patan is also known as the city of festivals and feasts, fine ancient art, making of metallic and stone carvings. The history of the Durbar Square is not clear. Although  the Malla Kings of Lalitpur are given credit for establishing the royal square. One of the major attraction of Patan Durbar Square is Krishna Mandir, the temple built in 1637 by King Siddhi Narasimha Malla. It is said that one night the King saw the Lord Krishna and his consort Srimati Radha standing in front of the royal palace. He ordered a temple to be built on the same spot and this is how the temple was established.